Varicose Veins

CAUSE


Cdt In Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Surat, Bhavnagar, Baroda, Anand, Jamnagar, Mehsana, Himmatnagar, Amreli, Surendranagar, Porbandar, Junagadh, Palanpur Gujarat, India, Uk, USA, Africa The vascular system is comprised of the heart, arteries, and veins. Veins are blood vessels that return blood from the body to the heart. To overcome the force of gravity, inside the veins are one-way valves, which open to allow blood flow to the heart, and close to prevent reflux of blood back to the body. When the valves fail to function, or if the vein is compromised so the valves do not completely close, blood can begin to pool in the vein causing a host of complications.


Elephantiasis In Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Surat, Bhavnagar, Baroda, Anand, Jamnagar, Mehsana, Himmatnagar, Amreli, Surendranagar, Porbandar, Junagadh, Palanpur Gujarat, India, Uk, USA, Africa It is not fully understood why the valves in your veins weaken as some people develop the condition for no apparent reason. The following are risk factors, which can increase the likelihood of developing venous insufficiency:

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Heredity
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Standing Occupations

Complications may include:


  • Edema
  • Pain
  • Inflammation
  • Clotting in vessels
  • Bleeding and skin changes with eventual ulceration.

Vascular Interventional Radiologist in Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Surat, Bhavnagar, Baroda, Anand, Jamnagar, Mehsana, Himmatnagar, Amreli, Surendranagar, Porbandar, Junagadh, Palanpur Gujarat, India, UK, USA, Africa Prolonged sitting and or standing should be avoided. If you have a standing profession or if you find yourself standing for an extended amount of time, shift your weight from leg to leg or wear compression hose. When sitting for more than 30 minutes, try to elevate the legs above heart level. If that is not possible, stand up and walk around for a few minutes before sitting again. Also, consider the use of compression hose.

Symptoms


Laser Treatment In Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Surat, Bhavnagar, Baroda, Anand, Jamnagar, Mehsana, Himmatnagar, Amreli, Surendranagar, Porbandar, Junagadh, Palanpur Gujarat, India, UK, USA, Africa Varicose veins are large, rope-like veins when are often one-quarter inch or larger in diameter and possess diseases valves. They sometimes appear to twist and bulge. Some people with varicose veins will not experience any pain or discomfort while others are more severely affected – a condition known as chronic venous insufficiency.
Symptoms that have been associated with chronic venous insufficiency/varicose veins of the lower extremities include:

  • Pain
  • Aching and uncomfortable "fatigued" legs
  • Feeling of heaviness in the legs
  • Swollen feet and ankles
  • Throbbing or burning in your legs
  • Itchy, dry and thin skin over the affected vein
  • Brownish skin changes
  • Muscle cramping in your legs (particularly at night)
  • Bleeding and/or ulceration

Vascular Surgeon In Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Surat, Bhavnagar, Baroda, Anand, Jamnagar, Mehsana, Himmatnagar, Amreli, Surendranagar, Porbandar, Junagadh, Palanpur Gujarat, India, UK, USA, Africa Typically if you have these symptoms, they are exacerbated by standing up for long periods of time and will be worse in warm weather. Varicose veins most often develop on the legs, usually on the back of your calf or on the inside of your leg. Although they can sometimes appear in other parts of your body, such as:

  • Pelvis
  • Esophagus
  • Uterus

Risk Factor


Factors, which increase the risk of developing varicosities, include:

Interventional Radiologist In Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Surat, Bhavnagar, Baroda, Anand, Jamnagar, Mehsana, Himmatnagar, Amreli, Surendranagar, Porbandar, Junagadh, Palanpur Gujarat, India, UK, USA, Africa Venous disease becomes more common as we age. One out of two people age 50 and older are affected with varicose veins. As we get older, our veins start to lose their elasticity, and the valves within them stop working as well.


Gender

Deep Venous Thrombosis Treatment In Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Surat, Bhavnagar, Baroda, Anand, Jamnagar, Mehsana, Himmatnagar, Amreli, Surendranagar, Porbandar, Junagadh, Palanpur Gujarat, India, UK, USA, Africa Women are more likely to be affected by varicosities than men. Research suggests that this may be because female hormones promote relaxation of the vein walls, making the valves more prone to insufficiency.


Heredity

Dvt In Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Surat, Bhavnagar, Baroda, Anand, Jamnagar, Mehsana, Himmatnagar, Amreli, Surendranagar, Porbandar, Junagadh, Palanpur Gujarat, India, UK, USA, Africa You are more likely to develop varicosities if a family member has venous disease.


Obesity

Varicose Vein In Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Surat, Bhavnagar, Baroda, Anand, Jamnagar, Mehsana, Himmatnagar, Amreli, Surendranagar, Porbandar, Junagadh, Palanpur Gujarat, India, UK, USA, Africa
Being severely overweight increases the pressure on your veins requiring them to work harder in order to send blood back to your heart. This can put increased pressure on the valves making them more prone to reflux.


Pregnancy

Varicose Vein Treatment In Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Surat, Bhavnagar, Baroda, Anand, Jamnagar, Mehsana, Himmatnagar, Amreli, Surendranagar, Porbandar, Junagadh, Palanpur Gujarat, India, UK, USA, Africa The amount of blood in a woman's body increases when pregnant to help support her growing baby. This puts an extra strain on her circulatory system. Additionally, research has shown that the increased hormone levels reached during pregnancy also cause the blood vessels to relax making the valves prone to reflux. As the uterus (womb) starts to grow, the additional pressure on the vessels in the pelvic region can lead to varicose veins. Although being pregnant may increase your risk of developing varicose veins, most women will find their condition improves considerably after pregnancy


Occupation

Peripheral Vascular Disease In Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Surat, Bhavnagar, Baroda, Anand, Jamnagar, Mehsana, Himmatnagar, Amreli, Surendranagar, Porbandar, Junagadh, Palanpur Gujarat, India, UK, USA, Africa
Research suggests that jobs, which require long periods of standing, may increase your risk for varicose veins. When you are standing for long periods of time, blood does not flow as easily from the extremities to the heart.


Varicose and Spider Veins


Many people today commonly suffer from varicose and/or spider veins.


Radiofrequency Ablation In Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Surat, Bhavnagar, Baroda, Anand, Jamnagar, Mehsana, Himmatnagar, Amreli, Surendranagar, Porbandar, Junagadh, Palanpur Gujarat, India, UK, USA, Africa Varicose veins are enlarged veins that are swollen and raised above the surface of the skin which occur due to a weakening in the vein walls and valves. They can be dark purple or blue and look lumpy, rope-like, twisted and/or bulging in appearance. Those who suffer from varicose veins are likely to complain of their legs feeling heavy, swollen, tired, restless and achy. Often sitting or standing in the same position for too long a period of time will worsen their symptoms as the day progresses.


Varicose veins are usually caused by insufficiency of the superficial venous system. They develop when valves in the veins that allow blood to flow toward the heart stop working properly. As a result, blood pools in the veins and causes them to get larger. These bulging veins can be symptomatic, resulting in pain, edema, skin discoloration and even ulceration – a condition known as chronic venous insufficiency.


Varicose veins can be serious and may be associated with the development of one or more of the following conditions: Phlebitis - inflammation of the vein; Thromboses - blood clots form in the enlarged vein; and, Venous Stasis Ulcers – a sore that forms when there is not proper drainage in the enlarged vein. They afflict an estimated 15%-25% of the adult population If your varicose veins are causing you significant discomfort, or you have developed complications, you are more likely to require treatment.


Spider veins, also known as telangiectasias, are smaller dilated superficial veins aptly named because they look like a spider web; they can cover a lot or only certain areas of skin. They are most commonly seen on the thighs, calves and ankles, are close to the surface of the skin, and will appear blue, purple or red. They may be isolated or associated with larger "feeder" veins. As with varicose veins, they are caused by venous insufficiency - in a milder form. Even the contributing factors are the same: age, gender, heredity, obesity, pregnancy, and standing occupations. Varicose Vein In UK, People often seek treatment for spider veins because of cosmetic concerns. Though they typically do not cause pain or lead to other significant complications, they can be associated with larger underlying varicose veins. We will order an ultrasound to rule out chronic venous insufficiency before scheduling cosmetic treatment(s). Treatments may include sclerotherapy, topical laser or a combination of both.


Treatment for varicose and spider veins varies from one patient to another depending on many contributing factors; however, they are typically isolated and confirmed by venous Doppler ultrasound and revealed upon physical examination. Some individuals with varicose and spider veins go without treatment or therapy. Left untreated, varicose vein symptoms can rarely be alleviated, normal venous flow cannot be re-established and the possibility of further complications is increased. As for spider veins, foregoing treatments means the existing veins remain as more and more new spider veins develop. Varicose veins and spider veins can be treated with safe and effective in-office procedures.

Treatment


Conservative Treatment. (Exercise & Stockings)

Historically, patients with varicose veins were recommended conservative treatment options. Conservative treatment options refer to a non-invasive form of treatment, where medications and surgery are not used to treat varicose veins. Patients can make lifestyle changes, such as eating less, exercising more and wearing support hoses(stockings). This regimen has proven helpful in reducing leg pain and further deterioration of the venous system. Conservative treatment will not remove existing abnormal veins, Varicose Vein Treatment In UK, but it may be the treatment choice for patients that may not be able to undergo other treatment methods. There's no way to prevent varicose veins. But improving your circulation and muscle tone can reduce the risk of developing varicose veins or getting additional ones.


Ligation & Stripping(Surgery)

Its old tradiotional method of ligation of safenofemoral junction & stripping of great safenous vein. Nowadays, this method is less popular, as it requires long hospital stay, long recovery period with high recurrence rates.


Foam Scleotherapy

Foam Sclerotherapy is commonly used for treating spider veins and small varicose veins. It involves the injection of foam made up from a FDA-approved sclerosing solution, which causes chemical endovenous ablation of the vein, which collapses and diminishes in appearance. Compression hose are highly recommended post-treatment . The advantages are no scarring and smaller veins disappear, while the downside is brownish discolorations, allergic reactions and the rare development skin ulcers.


Saphenous Ablation

This minimally-invasive treatment is an outpatient procedure performed using ultrasound guidance. After applying local anesthetic to the vein, the surgeon inserts a thin catheter into the vein and guides it up the great saphenous vein in the thigh. Then laser or radiofrequency energy is applied to the inside of the vein. This heats the vein and seals the vein closed. Reflux within the great saphenous vein leads to pooling in the visible varicose veins below. By closing the great saphenous vein, the twisted and varicosed branch veins, which are close to the skin, shrink and improve in appearance. Once the diseased vein is closed, other healthy veins take over to carry blood from the leg, re-establishing normal flow. Saphenous ablation is done by two methods

  1. 1. Endovenous Laser Ablation
  2. 2. Endovenous Radiofrequency Closure

1. Endovenous Laser Ablation

Principle The EVLT™ Procedure deals with the incompetence of the greater saphenous veins. Unlike surgical stripping, EVLT permanently closes off the vein while leaving it in place. It uses the energy from an 1480 nm diode laser delivered by a fine fiber-optic probe. As it is only the probe and a slim sheath which need to enter the vein the whole procedure is performed via a tiny skin nick, so there will be no post operative scarring. The probe is guided into place using ultrasound and the procedure is performed under strictly local anesthetic of a similar type used by dentist to numb the treatment area.


Benefits of EVLT:


  • A simple procedure
  • Performed under local anesthetic
  • Minimally invasive, so minimal risk of scarring and postoperative infection
  • Less than one hour examination and treatment time
  • Rapid recovery with reduced postoperative pain
  • Normal activities can be resumed immediately Indication: Treatment for the greater saphenous vein insufficiency
  • Excellent clinical and aesthetic results

2. Endovenous Radiofrequency Closure

Principle: Local or regional anesthesia is used to numb the treatment area. A thin catheter is then inserted into the vein through a small opening. The catheter delivers radiofrequency (RF) energy to the vein wall, causing it to heat, collapse, and seal shut. Once the diseased vein is closed, other healthy veins take over and empty blood from your legs. Your symptoms should also improve noticeably following the procedure. After the catheter is removed, a bandage is placed over the insertion site and your leg may be wrapped for a day to aid healing. It should be followed by compression stockings and to refrain from long periods of standing for a few weeks which help in speedy recovery. Most patients can resume normal activity immediately.